Allocating Resources

Once you have decided on the critical path for an activity network you will need to allocate resources to each task.

Resources could take the form of equipment, people, money, or any number of other things. Most often we will use people. The question you need to ask yourself is “how many people do I need so that the project can be finished without any delay?” In answering this question you are halfway to allocating resources.

In the example we have been looking at, there are at most three things that can be happening at any one time. Do we need to use three people, or will two people be enough (have we got enough time to complete H and I before G is completed)? Looking at the activity network we can see that there will not be enough time to do this.
Figure 1: Example activity network showing earliest and latest times for housebuilding tasks.
Another way of showing the resources needed is to draw a cascade chart and then a resource histogram.